History of Marijuana

Since the history of using cannabis as a medical treatment goes all the way back to nearly 2300 B.C., we can’t cover all of this so we’re going to fast forward some and focus on the history of marijuana over the last 75 years.

Let’s go back to the 1930’s. This was a time of jazz and big bands, Hollywood films, and sadly, the Depression and prohibition. This was also the beginning of many years of debate about marijuana starting with the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937. Although in previous years hemp was widely accepted as an alternative to cotton, as the industrial Revolution began hemp was brushed under the carpet, so to speak. The first legislation created for the farmers of hemp and marijuana was the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937. During this period of time it was legal to grow and it was prescribed for medical purposes. What this act did was create a huge tax for pharmacist, doctors and especially farmers but they weren’t the cause of this act. As usual this act was fueled by prejudices against the main users of cannabis: people of color.

During the closed congressional hearings of 1937, the American Medical Association openly objected the prohibition of medical marijuana. The testimony of the Association’s legal counsel, Dr. William C. Woodward, passionately criticized the hearings and their determined intent. He questioned the motives behind the act, stating that no mention has been made of any excessive use of the drug by any doctor, or its excessive distribution by any pharmacist. And yet the burden of this bill is placed heavily upon the doctors and pharmacists of the country, and may I say very heavily—most heavily possibly of all— on farmers of the country. No medical man would identify this bill with a medicine until he read it through, because marijuana is not a drug… simply a name given to cannabis.” His point was simply this: by incorporating a Mexican slang word, marihuana. the U.S. government had misrepresented a common medication that had been used for over a century and that was not over-prescribed or over- distributed by any means.

Much to the dismay of the American Medical Association and numerous pharmaceutical companies including Merck and Ely Lilly, the United States government effectively banned cannabis use for all purposes. This was done without a thought or a care as to how it would affect the various hemp fiber industries, including the Ford Corporation and thousands of American farmers.

Apparently this move was based solely on the lies of certain federal law enforcers who were backed by major newspaper magnate William R9andolph Hearst. He created mass hysteria describing marijuana as “the weed with roots in hell.” This statement alone created much unrest with Americans because few had any experience with this mysterious plant if any at all.

It seems crazy to believe smoking could cause widespread terror but stories of mayhem and murder surrounding marijuana use were abundant at this time. In retrospect, it is clear that these scandalous stories were publicized and fabricated to destroy the hemp industry which, if not stopped, would continue to take business away from and eventually bankrupt Hearst’s tree paper based industries and Dupont’s, a synthetic fiber based industry.

Although cannabis was still legally prescribed until 1942, its medicinal usage had diminished severely because of the exorbitant tax on placed upon it. In addition to the already damaging slander from other industries, the movie Reefer Madness came out in 1936, which completely erased America’s fond memories of the hemp industry. Hemp was an industry that provided the original material that the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were actually written on. Marijuana propaganda at this time period was focused on a negative image. It seemed to take control of the entire United States; everyone was afraid to catch Reefer Madness.

Interestingly enough, the World War II efforts boosted hemp production. The US Government outfitted the American armies overseas in uniforms made from hemp fibers. But as the war came close to end, the patriotic “Hemp for Victory” slogan was forgotten along with most of the hype for hemp. It seemed that even though people like Henry Ford, one of America’s most admired industrial heroes, could create a car made of hemp stronger than steel, the craze and reliance on one of the world’s greatest natural resources would soon be forgotten.

Between the national fear of marijuana and the government regulations, scientific studies on the beneficial effects of using marijuana became scarce. Between 1938 and 1965 over 2,500 papers on opiate drugs were published. During that same time period less than 200 studies about cannabis were published. Marijuana use was pushed to the back burner for years, until the cultural revolution of the 1960’s.

The 1960’s was a time of expression and experimentation and American youth experimented in large amount with marijuana use. This prompted the resurgence of research about cannabis but because of federal mandates much of it was extremely biased. Even while President John F Kennedy smoked cannabis in the White House, he was one of the few who advocated its medicinal use. Subsequent Presidents decided to fight a “War on Drugs.” During his presidential campaign, Richard Nixon vowed to crack down on drugs and he kept that promise when he was elected. He appointed the Shafer Commission to study what he called the “marijuana problem” but their results did not make him happy. Their research, which was presented in 1972 under the title, “Marijuana, A Signal of Misunderstanding,” did not make him happy at all. It did the exact opposite of what he was hoping to accomplish. The Commission concluded that the major problems with marijuana were a direct result of its prohibition. They actually favored decriminalization! But before they were able to publish their results, Nixon rejected their recommendation, thus thwarting any executive support for medicinal use of marijuana.

1965 marked the years of change for marijuana. Noted professor and experimentalist, Timothy Leary, more famously known for his experimentation studies with LSD, was arrested and convicted of marijuana possession under the Marijuana Tax Act and sentenced to 30 years in prison. Leary was eventually able to appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court, arguing that the Act required self-incrimination in order to comply with it, and therefore was unconstitutional. In 1969, the U.S. Supreme Court made their first step towards change by declaring the Marijuana Tax Act unconstitutional and overturning his conviction. But the change was short lived, as Nixon in 1970 rewrote the nations drugs laws and in the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 marijuana was classified as a Schedule I drug with “no medical value and a high potential for abuse,” along with heroin, ecstasy, LSD and peyote.

At this time the conversations between doctors and their patients became extremely limited as the definition for marijuana use changed from being medicinal to being illegal substance abuse. The new “drug name” made it almost impossible for patients needing their medicine not to be subject to fines, penalties and even jail time. But despite all of the potential legal consequences, the interest in this “forbidden medicine” has greatly increased in recent history.

The 1970’s brought a time of outspoken battling with the American government to at least acknowledge the benefits of cannabis. In 1976 it seemed as though a victory had been won. The government created the Investigational New Drug (IND) “compassionate access research program” which provided select patients with up to 9 pounds of cannabis each year. The program was extremely successful and to this day still provides up to 300 marijuana cigarettes to its three surviving patients. After ten years of this program, the DEA’s Chief Administrative Law Judge Francis L. Young ruled that “ [m]arijuana, in its natural form, is one of the safest therapeutically active substances known. It would be unreasonable, arbitrary and capricious for the DEA to continue to stand between those sufferers and the benefits of this substance…” Yet the White House refused to make any changes at the time due to an internal technical error and to this day has not rescheduled the drug despite clear evidence of marijuana’s medicinal value.

Due to the increase in the number of HIV positive individuals in the United States, the IND program was flooded with applicants and in 1991 the program announced that it would be suspended only to end completely in 1992.

4 years later, in 1996 medical marijuana was legalized in California, soon to be followed by Arizona, although their initiative was later voted out and re-voted in at the end of 2010. These two states’ laws prompted former President Bill Clinton, a confessed user of marijuana, to designate a million dollars to review the existing research. The Institute of Medicine published the article “Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base” and their findings supported years of advocacy and knowledge already known to most physicians across the nation. For the first time, the government was finally recognizing the benefits cannabis use could have on certain illnesses and conditions. Since then 13 more states and the District of Columbia have adopted their own medical marijuana laws and five more are in the works. It has been a long road but one that ends with a light at the end of the tunnel. For people like Jack Herer, who died in 2010 after a suffering complications from a heart attack, who spent most of their lives advocating for the legalization of marijuana, today looks like a brighter day than yesterday. And who knows what the future holds. But one thing is for sure – the medical marijuana industry is growing and can’t be stopped.

Marijuana Laws In Other Countries

The United States pretty much stands alone in completely outlawing medical marijuana. Marijuana laws in other countries and nations such as Austria, Canada and the United Kingdom have legalized medical marijuana in some form or other.

Europe

In 2008, Austria approved cannabis cultivation for scientific and medical uses.

In Germany, medical marijuana has been available for prescription since the 1990’s.

In Spain, medical cannabis was decriminalized over a decade ago. Several studies in Spain focused on how marijuana impacts people suffering from AIDS, cancer and other terminal and auto-immune diseases. The results of the studies led to the establishment of many consumption clubs and user associations in that country. The first such club was established as far back as 1991, and each is a nonprofit association that grows cannabis and sells it at cost to members.

In the U.K., possession of small quantities of cannabis does not warrant an arrest or court appearance much at all.

In Belgium, it is legal to consume and possess small quantities in one’s own home.

North America

In Canada, medical marijuana was legalized in 2001.

In Mexico, cannabis was decriminalized for personal use of up to 5 grams in 2009.

South America

In Argentina, marijuana is legal for personal use in small amounts and for consumption in private locations. Public consumption is also accepted among young adults and overlooked by police in many cases.

In Colombia, marijuana is legal in small amounts for personal consumption.

Asia

In China, marijuana is legal…except for recreational drug use. Cannabis is cultivated for its seeds and fiber and is used in many medicines.

Australia

In Australia, marijuana was decriminalized for personal use in quite a few territories.

As you can see, many “industrialized” nations such as China and even Canada have far more progressive marijuana laws in other countries than the United States, and many countries widely accept the impact marijuana has as a medical drug. While the overall stigma still surrounds “pot” in the states, many other nations have accepted its use.

Marijuana and Spirituality

Marijuana and spirituality play a very big role in our cultural history. Marijuana and cannabis have been used in religious ceremonies for hundreds, even thousands of years. As early as the 5th to the 2nd century BC, early ceremonial practices involved the use of cannabis. In fact, marijuana also has roots in Judeo-Christian history. Ancient Hebrew anointing oil used by the Hebrews to anoint the Priests (and later the kings and prophets) contained cannabis extracts known as kaneh bosm. This substance is actually listed as an incense tree in the Old Testament. In addition, some Muslims of the Sufi order have used cannabis as a tool for spiritual exploration. These are not strictly eastern religions, the ancient origins of Christianity, Judaism and Islam incorporated the use of marijuana into holy practices as well.

It is important to note that in most ancient cultures, religious ceremonies and medicine were one in the same. For example, people would go to the town or village priest (or the equivalent) if they were sick. The priests, wise men, priestesses and other religious leaders were expected to have an in depth knowledge of the various herbs and plants used in healing. The healing process was not just a “doctor’s visit” but an intimate spiritual ceremony that was akin to baptism, circumcision or any other modern day religious ceremony.

Just about every ancient culture, African, Asian, European, and Middle Eastern, used cannabis in some form or another during their ceremonies.

ANCIENT INDIA

Being of Indian heritage, this is the culture I have the most familiarity with. Indian people have a long history of cannabis use for medicinal and religious reasons. Cannabis was used in Indian culture as early as 5,000 years ago, possibly even more. The three oldest religious texts, the Vedas (Sama Veda, Rig Veda and Atharva Veda) confirm the ancient use of cannabis in religious ceremonies. India actually used three types of cannabis, Bhang – consisting of the leaves and the plant tops of the marijuana plant (often consumed in beverage form). The second is Ganja, consisting of the leaves and the plant tops, is the type that is smoked. The third, Charas or hashish, consists of the resinous buds or extracted resin from the leaves. Bhang is the type most often used in religious festivals. Ganja is associated with the worship of the Hindu deity Shiva, who is believed to like the hemp plant. Bhang is offered to Shiva images during the Shivratri festival. All of this still happens today in India in fact.

ANCIENT AFRICA

In certain African cultures, ceremonies involving cannabis used the plant to restore appetite and relieve pain from those suffering from hemorrhoids.

ANCIENT CHINA

In Ancient China, cannabis was used for thousands of years for various reasons. Some used it for its psychodynamic effects, often believing that extended use allowed people to communicate with the supernatural world. Cannabis was used in Taoist rituals and in Taoist medicine. It has been cultivated in China since the Neolithic times (roughly 9,500 BC), and early Chinese classics have various references to using the plant for clothes, fibers and even food. Very little reference is made to its psychotropic nature.

ANCIENT CENTRAL ASIA

In early Greek historical writings, Central Asian peoples were shown using cannabis as much as 2,500 years ago. Herodotus (known as the father of history), an ancient Greek writer, wrote about the Scythians using cannabis steam baths. The Scythians were located in what is now modern Iran. It was used in various religious ceremonies as well as for its medicinal purposes. Mummies excavated from the area also show evidence of cannabis use in the burial process.

ANCIENT EUROPE

Germanic tribes used cannabis in rituals and ceremonies focused at the Norse love goddess Freya. Harvesting the plant was connected with an erotic high festival involved in the worship of Freya. In fact, the word “hemp” is derived from an Old English term! The Celts also used cannabis, as evidenced by use of hashish found in Hallstatt, birthplace of Celtic culture.

ANCIENT MIDDLE EASTERN CULTURES

In addition to cannabis being involved in Hebraic anointing oil, Islam also involves cannabis. Among the Sufi, a Persian religious order, cannabis was used after being found in the Persian mountains. The Quran actually mentions a “Heaven Flower” that some interpret to be the cannabis plant.

CURRENT RELIGIOUS USE

In addition to being used in Indian religious ceremonies, other current religious ceremonies utilize cannabis for its spiritual elements. Most popular among current religions using cannabis is the Rastafari movement in Jamaica and other parts of South and North America. Rastafarians use marijuana as part of the worship of God (Jah) as well as in Bible Study and meditation. The movement was founded in Jamaica in the 1930’s and began using marijuana in ceremonies shortly thereafter. They use the verse “Revelation 22:2” in the New Testament to point to marijuana as “herb is the healing of the nations.”

Other religious movements using cannabis include the Ethiopian Zion Coptic Church which considers cannabis to be the Eucharist, claiming it dates back to the time of Christ in their particular order. Some Gnostic sects claim that marijuana is the “Tree of Life.”

Marijuana Myths and Facts

Myth: Marijuana Can Cause Permanent Mental Illness. Among adolescents, even occasional marijuana use may cause psychological damage. During intoxication, marijuana users become irrational and often behave erratically.

FactThere is no convincing scientific evidence that marijuana causes psychological damage or mental illness in either teenagers or adults. Some marijuana users experience psychological distress following marijuana ingestion, which may include feelings of panic, anxiety, and paranoia. Such experiences can be frightening, but the effects are temporary. With very large doses, marijuana can cause temporary toxic psychosis. This occurs rarely, and almost always when marijuana is eaten rather than smoked. Marijuana does not cause profound changes in people’s behavior.

Myth: Marijuana is Highly Addictive. Long term marijuana users experience physical dependence and withdrawal, and often need professional drug treatment to break their marijuana habits.

Fact: Most people who smoke marijuana smoke it only occasionally. A small minority of Americans – less than 1 percent – smoke marijuana on a daily basis. An even smaller minority develop a dependence on marijuana. Some people who smoke marijuana heavily and frequently stop without difficulty. Others seek help from drug treatment professionals. Marijuana does not cause physical dependence. If people experience withdrawal symptoms at all, they are remarkably mild.

Myth: Marijuana Is More Potent Today Than In The Past. Adults who used marijuana in the 1960s and 1970s fail to realize that when today’s youth use marijuana they are using a much more dangerous drug.

Fact: When today’s youth use marijuana, they are using the same drug used by youth in the 1960s and 1970s. A small number of low-THC samples seized by the Drug Enforcement Administration are used to calculate a dramatic increase in potency. However, these samples were not representative of the marijuana generally available to users during this era. Potency data from the early 1980s to the present are more reliable, and they show no increase in the average THC content of marijuana. Even if marijuana potency were to increase, it would not necessarily make the drug more dangerous. Marijuana that varies quite substantially in potency produces similar psychoactive effects.

Myth: Marijuana Offenses Are Not Severely Punished.

Few marijuana law violators are arrested and hardly anyone goes to prison. This lenient treatment is responsible for marijuana continued availability and use.

Fact: Marijuana arrests in the United States doubled between 1991 and 1995. In 1995, more than one-half-million people were arrested for marijuana offenses. Eighty-six percent of them were arrested for marijuana possession. Tens of thousands of people are now in prison for marijuana offenses. An even greater number are punished with probation, fines, and civil sanctions, including having their property seized, their driver’s license revoked, and their employment terminated. Despite these civil and criminal sanctions, marijuana continues to be readily available and widely used.

Myth: Marijuana is More Damaging to the Lungs Than Tobacco.  Marijuana smokers are at a high risk of developing lung cancer, bronchitis, and emphysema.

Fact: Moderate smoking of marijuana appears to pose minimal danger to the lungs. Like tobacco smoke, marijuana smoke does contain a number of irritants and carcinogens. But marijuana users typically smoke much less often than tobacco smokers, and over time, inhale much less smoke. As a result, the risk of serious lung damage should be lower in marijuana smokers. There have been no reports of lung cancer related solely to marijuana, and in a large study presented to the American Thoracic Society in 2006, even heavy users of smoked marijuana were found not to have any increased risk of lung cancer. Unlike heavy tobacco smokers, heavy marijuana smokers exhibit no obstruction of the lung’s small airway. That indicates that people will not develop emphysema from smoking marijuana.

Myth: Marijuana is a Gateway Drug.  Even if marijuana itself causes minimal harm, it is a dangerous substance because it leads to the use of “harder drugs” like heroin, LSD, and cocaine.

Fact: Marijuana does not cause people to use hard drugs. What the gateway theory presents as a causal explanation is a statistic association between common and uncommon drugs, an association that changes over time as different drugs increase and decrease in prevalence. Marijuana is the most popular illegal drug in the United States today. Therefore, people who have used less popular drugs such as heroin, cocaine, and LSD, are likely to have also used marijuana. Most marijuana users never use any other illegal drug. Indeed, for the large majority of people, marijuana is a terminus rather than a gateway drug.

Myth: Marijuana’s Harms Have Been Proved Scientifically.
In the 1960s and 1970s, many people believed that marijuana was harmless. Today we know that marijuana is much more dangerous than previously believed.

Fact: In 1972, after reviewing the scientific evidence, the National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse concluded that while marijuana was not entirely safe, its dangers had been grossly overstated. Since then, researchers have conducted thousands of studies of humans, animals, and cell cultures. None reveal any findings dramatically different from those described by the National Commission in 1972. In 1995, based on thirty years of scientific research editors of the British medical journal Lancet concluded that “the smoking of cannabis, even long term, is not harmful to health.”

Myth: Marijuana Causes an Amotivational Syndrome.  Marijuana makes users passive, apathetic, and uninterested in the future. Students who use marijuana become underachievers and workers who use marijuana become unproductive.

Fact: For twenty-five years, researchers have searched for a marijuana-induced amotivational syndrome and have failed to find it. People who are intoxicated constantly, regardless of the drug, are unlikely to be productive members of society. There is nothing about marijuana specifically that causes people to lose their drive and ambition. In laboratory studies,subjects given high doses of marijuana for several days or even several weeks exhibited no decrease in work motivation or productivity. Among working adults, marijuana users tend to earn higher wages than non-users. College students who use marijuana have the same grades as nonusers. Among high school students, heavy use is associated with school failure, but school failure usually comes first.

Myth: Marijuana Kills Brain Cells.
Used over time, marijuana permanently alters brain structure and function, causing memory loss, cognitive impairment, personality deterioration, and reduced productivity.

Fact: None of the medical tests currently used to detect brain damage in humans have found harm from marijuana, even from long term high-dose use. An early study reported brain damage in rhesus monkeys after six months exposure to high concentrations of marijuana smoke. In a recent, more carefully conducted study, researchers found no evidence of brain abnormality in monkeys that were forced to inhale the equivalent of four to five marijuana cigarettes every day for a year. The claim that marijuana kills brain cells is based on a speculative report dating back a quarter of a century that has never been supported by any scientific study.

Myth: Marijuana Impairs Memory and Cognition. Under the influence of marijuana, people are unable to think rationally and intelligently. Chronic marijuana use causes permanent mental impairment.

Fact: Marijuana produces immediate, temporary changes in thoughts, perceptions, and information processing. The cognitive process most clearly affected by marijuana is short-term memory. In laboratory studies, subjects under the influence of marijuana have no trouble remembering things they learned previously. However, they display diminished capacity to learn and recall new information. This diminishment only lasts for the duration of the intoxication. There is no convincing evidence that heavy long-term marijuana use permanently impairs memory or other cognitive functions.

Myth: Marijuana Causes Crime.  Marijuana users commit more property offenses than nonusers. Under the influence of marijuana, people become irrational, aggressive, and violent.

Fact: Every serious scholar and government commission examining the relationship between marijuana use and crime has reached the same conclusion: marijuana does not cause crime. The vast majority of marijuana users do not commit crimes other than the crime of possessing marijuana. Among marijuana users who do commit crimes, marijuana plays no causal role. Almost all human and animal studies show that marijuana decreases rather than increases aggression.

Myth: Marijuana infertility.  In both men and women, marijuana can cause infertility. Marijuana retards sexual development in adolescents. It produces feminine characteristics in males and masculine characteristics in females.

Fact: There is no evidence that marijuana causes infertility in men or women. In animal studies, high doses of THC diminish the production of some sex hormones and can impair reproduction. However, most studies of humans have found that marijuana has no impact of sex hormones. In those studies showing an impact, it is modest, temporary, and of no apparent consequence for reproduction. There is no scientific evidence that marijuana delays adolescent sexual development, has a feminizing effect on males, or a masculinizing effect on females.

Myth: Marijuana Use Impairs the Immune System. Marijuana users are at increased risk of infection, including HIV. AIDS patients are particularly vulnerable to marijuana’s immunopathic effects because their immune systems are already suppressed.

Fact: There is no evidence that marijuana users are more susceptible to infections than nonusers. Nor is there evidence that marijuana lowers users’ resistance to sexually transmitted diseases. Early studies which showed decreased immune function in cells taken from marijuana users have since been disproved. Animals given extremely large doses of THC and exposed to a virus have higher rates of infection. Such studies have little relevance to humans. Even among people with existing immune disorders, such as AIDS, marijuana use appears to be relatively safe. However, the recent finding of an association between tobacco smoking and lung infection in AIDS patients warrants further research into possible harm from marijuana smoking in immune suppressed persons.

Myth: Marijuana’s Active Ingredient, THC, Gets Trapped in Body Fat.
Because THC is released from fat cells slowly, psychoactive effects may last for days or weeks following use. THC’s long persistence in the body damages organs that are high in fat content, the brain in particular.

Fact: Many active drugs enter the body’s fat cells. What is different (but not unique) about THC is that it exits fat cells slowly. As a result, traces of marijuana can be found in the body for days or weeks following ingestion. However, within a few hours of smoking marijuana, the amount of THC in the brain falls below the concentration required for detectable psychoactivity. The fat cells in which THC lingers are not harmed by the drug’s presence, nor is the brain or other organs. The most important consequence of marijuana’s slow excretion is that it can be detected in blood, urine, and tissue long after it is used, and long after its psychoactivity has ended.

Myth: Marijuana Use is a Major Cause Of Highway Accidents.  Like alcohol, marijuana impairs psychomotor function and decreases driving ability. If marijuana use increases, an increase in of traffic fatalities is inevitable.

Fact: There is no compelling evidence that marijuana contributes substantially to traffic accidents and fatalities. At some doses, marijuana affects perception and psychomotor performances- changes which could impair driving ability. However, in driving studies, marijuana produces little or no car-handling impairment- consistently less than produced by low moderate doses of alcohol and many legal medications. In contrast to alcohol, which tends to increase risky driving practices, marijuana tends to make subjects more cautious. Surveys of fatally injured drivers show that when THC is detected in the blood, alcohol is almost always detected as well. For some individuals, marijuana may play a role in bad driving. The overall rate of highway accidents appears not to be significantly affected by marijuana’s widespread use in society.

Myth: Marijuana Related Hospital Emergencies Are Increasing, Particularly Among Youth.
This is evidence that marijuana is much more harmful than most people previously believed.

Fact: Marijuana does not cause overdose deaths. The number of people in hospital emergency rooms who say they have used marijuana has increased. On this basis, the visit may be recorded as marijuana-related even if marijuana had nothing to do with the medical condition preceding the hospital visit. Many more teenagers use marijuana than use drugs such as heroin and cocaine. As a result, when teenagers visit hospital emergency rooms, they report marijuana much more frequently than they report heroin and cocaine. In the large majority of cases when marijuana is mentioned, other drugs are mentioned as well. In 1994, fewer than 2% of drug-related emergency room visits involved the use of marijuana.

How To Make The Best Marijuana Brownie

We will show you how to make the best marijuana brownie with this recipe. When making ‘marijuana edibles’, DO NOT throw your medication into any recipe – this will not provide the essential levels of THC you need from your medication in order to help your condition. The THC (tetra-hydro-cannibol – the main active ingredient in marijuana) must first be extracted into a butter or oil mixture and then added or cooked with the food.

A well-known marijuana edible favorite amongst patients is without a doubt brownies. This article will show you how you can make weed brownies and extract the THC using butter or oil, however, most brownie recipes ask for oil instead of butter.

NOTE: You can make extra oil or butter and store it for later use. The oil does not need to be refrigerated and neither the butter nor the oil will lose any potency.

OIL Method — What You Need
1. Oil (any oil other than olive oil)
2. 2.5 grams of weed per serving (PLEASE NOTE: ask your doctor about what is recommended for your condition and use the appropriate strain)
3. A Grinder (available at any local dispensary, or online)
4. A Filter (a coffee filter or pasta strainer works fine)
5. Your favorite Brownie mix (made from scratch or boxed – your choice!)
6. A Frying pan
7. A Wooden spoon

For a whole batch of brownies (1 box) a half ounce to one ounce of marijuana is what you need based on your recommended dosage and potency. Grind up the marijuana in your grinder or a coffee grinder multiple times until it literally turns into powder.

Once the marijuana turns into a powder spread it right onto a frying pan. Its a good idea to match the frying pan to the burner size for an even cook, which is important when extracting the THC. Pour your oil directly onto the marijuana powder on the pan according to how much the brownie recipe asks for (you can add more if you plan on making extra for later use).

Turn the burner on low until it starts to simmer and then lower the burner to the lowest setting (labeled as low or simmer). Leave the burner on for 2-6 hours depending on how much time you have (2 hrs is average) and stir the marijuana in the oil every 30 minutes with a wooden spoon.

When the pot is done, pour the oil mixture into a filter (a coffee filter works best) to strain all the excess marijuana out. You should be left with a musky brown color oil without any grass, stems, or seeds in it. (This stuff needs to be filtered out as there is no THC left since it was extracted into the oil)

Use this oil to make the brownies (or cakes and other desserts) by following the instructions on the brownie box. If you prefer to make weed brownies using butter rather than oil, continue reading.

BUTTER Method — What You Need
1. Butter
2. 2.5 grams of marijuana per serving
3. A Grinder
4. A Filter (coffee filter, pasta strainer)
5. Brownie mix
6. A Small pot and a larger pot
7. A Wooden spoon

In order to use butter to extract the THC and bake brownies, two pots are required, one larger and one smaller. The larger one should be filled up with clean water and the same size as the burner for an even burn. Place the smaller pot inside the larger one and throw in 2-3 sticks of butter.

Turn the burner on a low setting until the water in the larger pot begins to simmer. Once this happens, use your judgment on a good setting,  med — low, to establish a near simmer. Place your marijuana inside the smaller pot with the butter. The water in the larger pot will heat up the THC in the marijuana in the the smaller pot with out burning it which could destroy the THC, making the brownies useless.